The museum is visited by over 40,000 people every year. There are more than 199,000 items in the museums storage. Every year thematic exhibitions are made to reflect the questions that are topical to society and which society might find interesting and educational. The main exhibition is placed in the four floors of the museum in periodical order. The exhibition is designed to show the visitors the evolution of medicine, just the way that Pauls Stradins wanted to show it.
The story begins in the basement of the museum building, where placed exhibits and dioramas show the first steps of the evolution of medicine. Dealing with trauma wounds, bandaging wounds, the healing methods of traditional medicine – all this was already known to man in the ancient times. A crucial part at that time was mythical medicine – amulets, lucky charms and witchcraft, which was performed by a hex, shaman and mages.
The journey continues in the medieval floor of the museum showing the reconstructed medieval cloister hospital and pharmacy. Walk through the medieval town designed by Pauls Stradins and learn of the illnesses of that time as well as treatment methods.
This floor shows the visitor the rapid development of medicine at that point in history. This is the time of great discoveries and achievements. The X-ray is being discovered and is used in medicine, first operations with ether narcosis are performed, the stimulus for tuberculosis is discovered and the discovery of the vaccine for small pox.
The exhibition ends with the floor that represents the Latvian developments and achievements in medicine. The Latvian spas, Riga and medicine and of course the study of Prof. Pauls Stradiņš, these are only few examples of the wide exhibition represented on this floor. There is also a room devoted to the research of outer space and medicine, in which also Latvian scientists took part during the time of USSR.